epilepsy, brain tumors and other brain disorders are typically not preventable,
there are some neurological problems that you can take action against.
Diet | Exercise | Aneurysm | Carpal
tunnel syndrome | Stroke
a balanced, lowfat diet reduces the chance that arteries will become clogged,
a factor that often contributes to a “brain attack,” or stroke.
In particular, minimizing your fat intake will help prevent clogs from
forming in arteries surrounding the heart as well as those leading to the
word on fat
gram of fat contains more calories than a gram of carbohydrate or protein.
Some types of fat in moderation may serve useful purposes, such as insulating
internal organs or transporting vitamins. But, in reality, the human body
needs very little fat. In fact, the entire amount of fat the human body
requires on a daily basis is only a single teaspoon. However, most people
take in almost four times this amount. Only about 10 percent of your calories
should come from fat, but the average American male’s diet includes
about 40 percent of calories from fat.
are some tips for creating a healthy diet:
more fruits, vegetables and grains.
for nonfat or lowfat dairy products.
tomato sauces for heavy, cream sauces.
back on fats and sweets.
the skin from poultry.
fried foods and fast foods.
soup and stew in advance. Cut off the congealed fat before serving.
fat-free salad dressing and lowfat mayonnaise.
your alcohol intake.
at least eight glasses of water each day.
is also important in keeping arteries clear as well as strengthening heart
muscles, and it has been shown to increase HDL cholesterol levels. This
type of cholesterol is the “good” cholesterol and helps keep LDL cholesterol,
the “bad” cholesterol, in check.
body needs exercise to stay healthy. Regular exercise helps you maintain your
optimal weight. Exercise can also reduce depression and lower your blood pressure.
exercise focuses on building muscle strength, while aerobic exercise gets
your heart pumping. Both anaerobic and aerobic exercise must be part of an
swimming, biking, skiing and tennis are examples of aerobic activities. During
aerobic exercise, the heart works hard to pump blood throughout the body,
and the lungs work hard to take in more oxygen. The ideal exercise program
is one in which your heart stays pumping for at least 20 minutes, three times
exercise involves lifting weights and builds muscle mass. These types of exercises
have also been shown to build bone density, which helps prevent osteoporosis,
a condition causing bones to become porous and brittle.
See a doctor before beginning an exercise program
people can get back into shape on their own. However, some will need to consult
a physician first. The American Academy of Family Physicians recommends that
the following people visit their doctor before undertaking an exercise program:
over 40 years old
over 50 years old
with heart disease, diabetes, high blood pressure, lung disease or arthritis
who are physically inactive or overweight
not all aneurysms are hereditary, there is some evidence that people are
more likely to develop an aneurysm if a family member has had one. Frequent
screening tests are recommended if aneurysms have occurred in your family.
changes to maintain healthy blood vessels can help prevent aneurysms, including
not smoking, exercising regularly and eating a balanced, low-fat diet.
carpal tunnel syndrome
- Avoid repeated stress on the hands.
- Do hand and wrist exercises and stretches periodically.
- Use proper hand and wrist positioning and pay attention to ergonomics.
breaks during work.
- Set your computer monitor at eye level, and keep elbows at a 70- to 90-degree
angle and wrists in a neutral position.
- Wear splints at night.
- Use tools and equipment in your daily tasks that are designed to minimize
the risk of wrist and hand injury.
- Use cold treatments (such as ice packs) to reduce inflammation in the hands
- Treat underlying medical conditions that contribute to the development of
carpal tunnel syndrome, such as diabetes, thyroid disease and arthritis.
blood pressure to keep it at a healthy level.
a healthy weight through a balanced diet and exercise.
screened for carotid stenosis.
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