Skeletal irregularities place strain on the vertebrae
and supporting muscles, tendons, ligaments and tissues supported by
the spinal column. These irregularities include scoliosis, a curving of
the spine to the side; kyphosis, in which the normal curve of the upper
back is severely rounded; lordosis, an abnormally accentuated arch
in the lower back; back extension, a bending backward of the spine;
and back flexion, in which the spine bends forward.
Spinal deformities can affect people of all ages but
are most common in adolescents. The causes of these conditions are unknown,
but abnormal bone and muscle growth are thought to be a contributing
Spinal deformities become serious when they progress
and threaten to cause severe pain and/or permanent disability. In other
cases, some people with spinal deformity may not even know they have
it. Treatment of these conditions aims at minimizing progression of
the disease and preventing further growth.
Scoliosis | Kyphosis
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